Did you know that the Vero Beach area in Indian River County area has been a part of five other counties too? So, going back two hundred years, in 1821, there were just two counties: St. Johns County (all of East Florida) and Escambia. Yet, they found the large coverage area made it impossible to administer county functions. So, within just a few years, East Florida was split up into six new counties: Alachua, Duval, Nassau, Mosquito, Monroe, and St. Johns. At that point, we became a part of Mosquito County. (Such an unfortunate name, no? It was later changed to, of course, Orange County.)
Later, in 1844, Mosquito County was split in two and our area was no longer a part of Mosquito County. Instead, we became part of St. Lucie County. (Much better.) Our area remained St. Lucie County for 11 years, until it was changed to Brevard County to show respect for Theodore Washington Brevard, the State Comptroller from 1853 to 1861.
Then, in 1905, our part of Brevard County went back to the name St. Lucie. The county seat of St. Lucie was Fort Pierce. Vero citizens didn’t appreciate the control Fort Pierce had over our area residents, so they started making a plan to start a new county.
In 1925, Vero citizens headed to Tallahassee where they gave their reasons for wanting to start a new county. They claimed they were neglected with county funds and treated unfairly within the county. They even had already picked out the name: Indian River. After much delegation, eventually, it was proposed that two new counties be formed: Indian River (the northern section of St. Lucie) and Martin (the small slice from the southern part of St. Lucie and large portion from the northern end of Palm Beach County). When the county was approved, Vero residents assumed they would be the county seat, but Winter Beach residents wanted to be the county seat. Around this same time though, Vero changed its name to Vero Beach and was within weeks made the county seat of Indian River County.
Timeline For County Names Of Very Beach
- 1821—St. Johns
- 1824 —Mosquito
- 1844—St. Lucie
- 1855 —Brevard
- 1905—St. Lucie
- 1925—Indian River
We Are Your Indian River County Experts
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